Galapagos whales are mammals covered with a thick layer of fat that keeps them warm, but at the same time, it provides them with the energy needed on migratory journeys.
There are about 24 different species of whales that have been identified in the Galapagos. There are mainly two big groups of whales: the ones with teeth, and the ones that filter the water with baleen.
The baleen whales are the biggest mammals on earth and all 6 species of Rorqual whales are found in the Galapagos. They feed by swallowing big mounts of water and straining plankton with their comb-like bones in the mouth. The blue whale, minke whale, humpback whale, sei whale, byrde’s whale, and fin whale are also in this group.
While, Orcas, dolphins, and sperm whales are in the toothed group and almost all of them feed on fish. They have developed hunting techniques that clearly remark their intelligence.
Most whales in the Galapagos are passing through as they migrate. One of the most commonly seen whales in the archipelago is the Humpback Whale, easily recognizable as it is the one that jumps off the water.
Whales are easily spotted when you are sailing on a cruise or traveling in a boat around the islands. They can mainly be seeing during the cooler months from July to December.
Dolphins are included in this group and there are three species that live in the Galapagos, the Bottle-nosed Dolphin, the Common White-bellied Dolphin and the stripped dolphin. All of them can be seen all around the archipelago, swimming next to the boats.
Dolphins like to swim next to the boats, as they like to play with the speed of the boat.