Galapagos Facts Month by Month


  • Espanola’s Island : Adult male marine iguanas become brightly colored to attract mates.
  • Green sea turtles start laying eggs on beaches.
  • Land birds begin to nest.
  • Hatching of Giant tortoises’ eggs.
  • Weather: wet and humid.


  • Greater flamingos start nesting on Floreana Island.
  • Penguins migrate away from Bartolome Island to cooler waters of Isabella and Fernandina Island.
  • Nazca boobies end their nesting season.
  • In Santa Cruz Island, marine iguanas start nesting.
  • Weather: water and air temperatures rise due to the rainy season.


  • Marine Iguanas nest on Fernandina and North Seymour Islands.
  • The waved albatross of Española start arriving.
  • Frigate birds mating season starts on San Cristobal and Genovesa islands.
  • Perfect time for snorkeling.
  • Weather: warm and rainy.


  • Sea turtles, marine iguanas and land iguanas nesting.
  • Waved albatross come back to Española Island and begin nesting.
  • Waved albatrosses begin their courtship.
  • Weather: Rainy season comes to an end.


  • Waved albatross lay eggs on Española Island.
  • Blue-footed boobies begin their world known courtship.
  • Galalpagos sea lions start mating.
  • Due to the lack of rain during the months of April and May, the arid zone hanges from green to brown, only the highlands remain green.
  • Weather: water and air temperatures start getting cooler.


  • Whale sharks may be seen in the northwestern islands toward the end of the month.
  • Male frigatebirds begin their courtship by inflating their red pouches.
  • Santa Cruz giant tortoises migrate to lowlands searching for good nesting-places.
  • Humpback whales can be seen around the islands.
  • Due to the lack of rain during the months of April and May, the arid zone changes from green to brown, only the highlands remain green.
  • Weather: rare rain with temperatures getting cooler, the start of the “dry season.”


  • Nesting season for blue-footed boobies begin.
  • American oystercatchers on Española, and other coastal birds nest on Santiago.
  • Start of sea lion breeding season.
  • Greater flamingos begin their courtship with a “dance.”
  • Nesting starts of flightless cormorants.
  • Near Darwin and Wolf Islands, whale sharks can be spotted.
  • On Española, blue-footed bobby’s chicks, eggs and juveniles can be observed.
  • Lava lizards mating season initiate and continue until November.
  • Weather: July and August are the months with strongest winds due to cold currents (Humbolt).


  • Sea lions give birth during this time especially on the western and central islands.
  • On Santiago and Española islands the courtship of the Galapagos hawks start.
  • Nazca boobies and swallow-tailed gulls nest on Genovesa.
  • Frigatebirds’ eggs start hatching.
  • Giant tortoises go back to the highlands after laying their eggs.
  • Weather: coolest air and water temperatures.


  • You can spot Galapagos penguins during their courtship on Bartolome Island and continue until December.
  • Seabirds at nesting sites can be seen.
  • Near the northwest islands, humpback whales or whale sharks can be seeing migrating.
  • A good month to see baby sea lions.
  • Weather: peak of light rainy season.


  • Blue-footed booby chicks can be seen on Española and Isabella.
  • Lava herons begin to nest.
  • Galapagos fur sea lions mating season begins.
  • Weather: windy and dry.


  • The opportunity of seeing whale sharks in the far northwest of the Islands.
  • Green sea turtle mating season starts.
  • Galapagos sea lion pups are born.
  • Great for swimming and snorkeling with baby sea lions.
  • Weather: start of the warm season


  • Baby giant tortoises start hatching.
  • Young waved-albatross migrate to return in March.
  • Land iguanas begin mating.
  • Sea lions and fur sea lions breeding.
  • Great time to observe land birds: finches, doves. Don’t forget binoculars.
  • Weather: sunshine and hot to enjoy the water.