The red footed booby bird has two morphs of colors in the Galapagos. They can be mainly brown or white. The red color of its feet can only be seen when they are not flying. Their pointy beaks and their fishing technique have given them the local name “piquero” that means lancer. There are about 30 thousand birds living in the archipelago.
They can plunge down at high speed; being well adapted to the impact with the water since they have special cushion air sac bones in the head to protect the brain. The eyes are also adapted to this way of hunting and they can close their nostrils to avoid water from entering during the high-speed dive. They feed mainly on flying fish and squid and they prefer hunting at dusk or dawn.They can dive down up to 30 meters in pursuit of their prey.
The red-footed boobie has a very special requirement for nesting as they do it only in trees and shrubs. One of the most important bushes for this bird is the Cryptocarpus, whose conservation is directly related to red-footed boobies preservation. Due to the fact that they are adapted to being on trees, they are really clumsy on the ground. They have little interaction with each other and enjoy very wide territories.
The courtship ritual involves lifting the head and the feet to display the colors to females, dancing in the nest, which is also an extreme balance performance. Boobies are opportunistic breeders, they lay one egg that will hatch 45 days late, they are known to live for an estimated 20 yearsBoth male and female take care of the offspring for longer than a year until it is independent.